season 's salutations
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What To Write in a Christmas Card
Christmas is traditionally a season dedicated to wishing joy and love for close friends and households. Christmas cards are the perfect method in carry throughing this tradition across coevalss. Your loved 1s, close friends, and associates will experience appreciated when they open your card and read your warm wants. However, writer’s block can easy kick in after you’ve wrapped 20 nowadayss and survived the early oncoming of shopping and household programs. So, to animate your inner Robert Frost, we have collated some facile poetries and quotation marks perfect for Christmas cards, exposure cards, and household newssheets.
Christmas and vacation season
The Christmas season, besides called the festive season, the vacation season ( chiefly in the U.S. and Canada ) , or merely the vacations, is an yearly revenant period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced states that is by and large considered to run from late November to early January, defined as incorporating at least Christmas, and normally New Year, and sometimes assorted other vacations and festivals. It incorporates a period of shopping which comprises a extremum season for the retail sector ( the `` Christmas ( or vacation ) shopping season '' ) , and a period of gross revenues at the terminal of the season ( the `` January gross revenues '' ) . Christmas window shows and Christmas tree illuming ceremonials when trees decorated with decorations and visible radiation bulbs are illuminated, are traditions in many countries.
In the denominations of Western Christianity, the term `` Christmas season '' is considered synonymous with Christmastide, a term associated with Yuletide, which runs from December 25 ( Christmas Day ) to January 5 ( Epiphany Eve ) , popularly known as the 12 Dayss of Christmas. However, as the economic impact affecting the prevenient lead-up to Christmas Day grew in America and Europe into the 19th and twentieth centuries, the term `` Christmas season '' began to go synonymous alternatively with the traditional Christian Advent season, the period observed in Western Christianity from the 4th Sunday before Christmas Day until Christmas Day itself. The term `` Advent calendar '' survives in secular Western idiom as a term mentioning to a countdown to Christmas Day from the beginning of December.
Get downing in the mid-20th century, as the Christian-associated Christmas vacation became progressively secularized and cardinal to American economic sciences and civilization while religio-multicultural sensitiveness rose, generic mentions to the season that omitted the word `` Christmas '' became more common in the corporate and public domain of the United States, which has caused a semantics contention that continues to the present. By the late twentieth century, the Judaic vacation of Hanukkah and the new African American cultural vacation of Kwanzaa began to be considered in the U.S. as being portion of the `` vacation season '' , a term that as of 2013 has become every bit or more prevailing than `` Christmas season '' in U.S. beginnings to mention to the end-of-the-year gay period. `` Holiday season '' has besides spread in changing grades to Canada ; nevertheless, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, the phrase `` vacation season '' is non widely understood to be synonymous with the Christmas–New Year period, and is frequently alternatively associated with summer vacations.
In the Christian tradition the Christmas season is a period get downing on Christmas Day ( December 25 ) . In some churches ( e.g. the Anglican Communion ) the season continues until the twenty-four hours before the Epiphany, which is celebrated either on January 6 or on the Sunday between January 2 and 8. In other churches ( e.g. the Roman Catholic Church ) it continues until the banquet of the Baptism of the Lord, which falls on the Sunday following the Epiphany, or on the Monday following the Epiphany if the Epiphany is moved to January 7 or 8. If the Epiphany is kept on January 6, the Church of England 's usage of the term Christmas season corresponds to the Twelve Days of Christmas, and ends on Twelfth Night.
Secularization and commercialization
Harmonizing to Yanovski et al. , in the United States the vacation season `` is by and large considered to get down with the twenty-four hours after Thanksgiving and stop after New Year 's Day '' . Harmonizing to Axelrad, the season in the United States encompasses at least Christmas and New Year 's Day, and besides includes Saint Nicholas Day. The U.S. Fire Administration defines the `` Winter Holiday Season '' as the period from December 1 to January 7. Harmonizing to Chen et al. , in China the Christmas and vacation season `` is by and large considered to get down with the winter solstice and terminal after the Lantern Festival '' . Some shops and shopping promenades advertise their Christmas ware beginning after Halloween or even in late October, aboard Halloween points. In the UK and Ireland, Christmas nutrient by and large appears on supermarket shelves every bit early as September or even August, while the Christmas shopping season itself starts from mid November when the high street Christmas visible radiations are switched on.
The precise definition of banquets and festival yearss that are encompassed by the Christmas and vacation season has become controversial in the United States over recent decennaries. While in other states the lone vacations included in the `` season '' are Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, St. Stephen 's Day/Boxing Day, New Year 's Eve, New Year 's Day and Epiphany, in recent times, this definition in the U.S. has begun to spread out to include Yule, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, Thanksgiving and Black Friday. The enlargement of the vacation season in the U.S. to embrace Thanksgiving is believed to hold begun in the 1920s, when major section shops Macy 's and Gimbels launched dueling Thanksgiving Day parades to advance Christmas gross revenues. Due to the phenomenon of Christmas weirdo and the informal inclusion of Thanksgiving, the Christmas and vacation season has begun to widen earlier into the twelvemonth, overlapping Veterans/Remembrance/Armistice Day, Halloween and Guy Fawkes Night.
In the United States, the vacation season is a peculiarly of import clip for retail shopping, with shoppers passing more than $ 600 billion during the 2013 vacation season, averaging about $ 767 per individual. During the 2014 vacation shopping season, retail gross revenues in the United States are forecast to increase to a sum of over $ 616 billion, up from 2013 's $ 602 billion. The mean US vacation shopper is expected to pass over $ 800, of which close to 73 per centum will be in gifts. In 2015, retail gross revenues in the United States increased to a sum of over $ 630 billion, up from 2014 's $ 616 billion. The mean US vacation shopper spent on mean $ 805. More than half of it was spent on household shopping.
It is traditionally considered to get down on the twenty-four hours after American Thanksgiving, a Friday conversationally known as either Black Friday or Green Friday. This is widely reputed to be the busiest shopping twenty-four hours of the full calendar twelvemonth. However, in 2004 the VISA recognition card organisation reported that over the old several old ages VISA recognition card disbursement had in fact been 8 to 19 per centum higher on the last Saturday before Christmas Day ( i.e. , Super Saturday ) than on Black Friday. A study conducted in 2005 by GfK NOP discovered that `` Americans are n't as drawn to Black Friday as many retail merchants may believe. `` , with merely 17 % of those polled stating that they will get down holiday shopping instantly after Thanksgiving, 13 % stating that they plan to complete their shopping before November 24 and 10 % waiting until the really last twenty-four hours before executing their vacation gift shopping.
In 2005, the kick-off to the Christmas and vacation season for online shopping, the first Monday after US Thanksgiving, was named Cyber Monday. Although it was a extremum, that was non the busiest online shopping twenty-four hours of that twelvemonth. The busiest online shopping yearss were December 12 and 13, about two hebdomads subsequently ; the 2nd Monday in December has since become known as Green Monday. Another noteworthy twenty-four hours is Free Shipping Day, a promotional twenty-four hours that serves as the last twenty-four hours in which a individual can order a good online and have it arrive via standard transportation ( the monetary value of which the transmitter wages ) prior to Christmas Eve ; this twenty-four hours is normally on or near December 16. Four of the largest 11 online shopping yearss in 2005 were December 11 to 16, with an addition of 12 % over 2004 figures. In 2011, Cyber Monday was somewhat busier than Green Monday and Free Shipping Day, although all three yearss registered gross revenues of over US $ 1 billion, and all three yearss registered additions runing from 14 % to 22 % over the old twelvemonth. Analysts had predicted the extremum on December 12, observing that Mondays are the most popular yearss for online shopping during the vacation shopping season, in contrast to the center of the hebdomad during the remainder of the twelvemonth. They attribute this to people `` shopping in shops and promenades on the weekends, and widening that shopping experience when they get into work on Monday '' by `` looking for trades, comparing shopping and happening points that were out of stock in the shops '' .
Michael P. Niemira, main economic expert and manager of research for the Shopping Center Council, states that he expects gift certification use to be between US $ 30billion and US $ 40billion in the 2006/2007 vacation shopping season. On the footing of the turning popularity of gift certifications, he states that `` To acquire a true image of vacation gross revenues, one may see mensurating October, November, December and January gross revenues combined as opposed to merely November and December gross revenues. `` , because with `` a brawny sum of that disbursement non hitting the books until January, widening the length of the season makes sense '' .
Harmonizing to the Deloitte 2007 Holiday Survey, for the 4th consecutive twelvemonth, gift cards are expected to be the top gift purchase in 2007, with more than two-thirds ( 69 per centum ) of consumers surveyed planning to purchase them, compared with 66 per centum in 2006. In add-on, vacation shoppers are be aftering to purchase even more cards this twelvemonth: an norm of 5.5 cards, compared with the 4.6 cards they planned to purchase last twelvemonth. One in six consumers ( 16 per centum ) program to purchase 10 or more cards, compared with 11 per centum last twelvemonth. Consumers are besides passing more in entire on gift cards and more per card: $ 36.25 per card on mean compared with $ 30.22 last twelvemonth. Gift cards continue to turn in credence: About four in 10 consumers surveyed ( 39 per centum ) would instead acquire a gift card than ware, an addition from last year’s 35 per centum. Besides, opposition to giving gift cards continues to worsen: 19 per centum say they don’t like to give gift cards because they’re excessively impersonal ( down from 22 per centum last twelvemonth ) . Consumers said that the cards are popular gifts for grownups, teens and kids likewise, and about half ( 46 per centum ) intend to purchase them for immediate household ; nevertheless, they are hesitating to purchase them for partners or important others, with merely 14 per centum stating they plan to purchase them for those receivers.
In the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, the Christmas shopping season starts from mid-November, around the clip when high street Christmas visible radiations are turned on. In the UK in 2010, up to £8 billion was expected to be spent online at Christmas, about a one-fourth of entire retail festive gross revenues. Retailers in the UK call Christmas the `` aureate one-fourth '' , that is, the three months of October to December is the one-fourth of the twelvemonth in which the retail industry hopes to do most money. In Ireland, about early December or late November each twelvemonth, The Late Late Toy Show is broadcast on Irish telecasting, which features all the popular playthings throughout the twelvemonth being demonstrated and showcased before the vacation season and shopping flings commence.
In Germany, the Winterschlussverkauf ( winter sale before the season ends ) was one of two official gross revenues periods ( the other being the Sommerschlussverkauf, the summer gross revenues ) . It begins on the last Monday in January and lasts for 12 yearss, selling left-over goods from the vacation shopping season, every bit good as the winter aggregations. However, on the side, goods are sold at reduced monetary values by many shops throughout the whole of January. By the clip the gross revenues officially begin the lone goods left on sale are low-quality 1s, frequently specially manufactured for the gross revenues. Since a legislative reform to the corresponding jurisprudence in 2004, season gross revenues are now allowed over the whole twelvemonth and are no longer restricted to season-related goods. However, voluntary gross revenues still called `` Winterschlussverkauf '' take topographic point farther on in most shops at the same clip every twelvemonth.
In Sweden, where the first Sunday of Advent marks the start of the Christmas and vacation season, go oning with Saint Lucy 's Day on December 13, followed up by Christmas before the Mellandagsrea ( between yearss sell off ) traditionally begins on December 27 ( today frequently December 26 or even December 25 ) and lasts during the remainder of the Christmas vacation. It is similar to Black Friday, but lasts longer. They last 34–35 yearss. Black Friday itself has besides gained promotion in Sweden since the early-2010s. The Swedish Christmas and vacation season continues over Epiphany, and eventually ends on St. Knut 's Day when the kids have a Knut 's party.
A choice of good will salutations are frequently used around the universe to turn to aliens, household, co-workers or friends during the season. Some salutations are more prevailing than others, depending on civilization and location. Traditionally, the prevailing salutations of the season have been `` Merry Christmas '' , `` Happy Christmas '' , and `` Happy New Year '' . In the mid-to-late twentieth century in the United States, more generic salutations such as `` Happy Holidays '' and `` Season 's Greetings '' began to lift in cultural prominence, and this would subsequently distribute to other Western states including Canada, Australia and to a lesser extent some European states. A 2012 canvass by Rasmussen Reports indicated that 68 % of Americans prefer the usage of `` Merry Christmas '' , while 23 % preferable `` Happy Holidays '' . A similarly-timed Canadian canvass conducted by Ipsos-Reid indicated that 72 % of Canadians preferred `` Merry Christmas '' .
Merry Christmas and Happy Christmas
`` Merry, '' derived from the Old English myrige, originally meant simply `` pleasant, agreeable '' instead than joyous or reasonably ( as in the phrase `` gay month of May '' ) . Christmas has been celebrated since the fourth century AD, the first known use of any Christmas greeting day of the months was in 1534. `` Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year '' ( therefore integrating two salutations ) was in an informal missive written by an English admiral in 1699. The same phrase is contained in the sixteenth century secular English carol `` We Wish You a Merry Christmas, '' and the first commercial Christmas card, produced in England in 1843.
Besides in 1843, Charles Dickens ' A Christmas Carol was published, during the mid Victorian resurgence of the vacation. The word Merry was so get downing to take on its current significance of `` gay, cheerful, reasonably and surpassing '' . `` Merry Christmas '' in this new context figured conspicuously in A Christmas Carol. The misanthropic Ebenezer Scrooge impolitely deflects the friendly greeting: `` If I could work my will … every imbecile who goes about with 'Merry Christmas ' on his lips should be boiled with his ain pudding. '' After the visit from the Ghosts of Christmas affects his transmutation, Scrooge exclaims ; `` I am every bit merry as a school-boy. A merry Christmas to everybody! '' and heartily exchanges the want to all he meets. The instant popularity of A Christmas Carol, the Victorian epoch Christmas traditions it typifies, and the term 's new intending looking in the book popularized the phrase `` Merry Christmas '' .
The alternate `` Happy Christmas '' gained use in the late nineteenth century, and in the UK and Ireland is the common spoken greeting, instead than `` Merry Christmas '' . One ground may be the Victorian in-between category influence in trying to divide wholesome jubilation of the Christmas season from public drunkenness and associated asocial behavior, at a clip when merry besides meant `` intoxicated '' – Queen Elizabeth II is said to prefer `` Happy Christmas '' for this ground. In her one-year Christmas messages to the Commonwealth, Queen Elizabeth has used `` happy Christmas '' far more frequently than `` gay Christmas '' .
In the United States, `` Happy Holidays '' ( along with the likewise generalized `` Season 's Greetings '' ) has become a common vacation greeting in the populace domain of section shops, public schools and greeting cards. Its usage is by and large confined to the period between United States Thanksgiving and New Year 's Day. American usage of the term `` Happy Holidays '' to replace `` Merry Christmas '' dates back at least to the 1970s and was a common phrase associating to the Christmas season at least traveling back to the ninetiess. The term may hold gained farther popularity with the Irving Berlin vocal `` Happy Vacation '' ( introduced in the 1942 movie Holiday Inn ) .
Season 's Greetings
`` Season 's Greetings '' is a greeting more normally used as a slogan on winter season greeting cards, and in commercial advertizements, than as a spoken phrase. In add-on to `` Merry Christmas '' , Victorian Christmas cards bore a assortment of salutes, including `` Regards of the Season '' and `` Christmas Greetings. '' By the late nineteenth century, `` With the Season 's Greetings '' or merely `` The Season 's Greetings '' began looking. By the 1920s it had been shortened to `` Season 's Greetings '' , and has been a greeting card fixture of all time since. Several White House Christmas cards, including U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower 's 1955 card, have featured the phrase.
The U.S. Fire Administration states that the Christmas and vacation season is `` a clip of elevated hazard for winter warming fires '' and that the fact that many people celebrate the different vacations during the Christmas and vacation season by adorning their places with seasonal Garlands, electric visible radiations, tapers, and streamers, has the possible to alter the profile of fire incidence and cause. The Government of Alberta Ministry of Municipal Affairs states that candle-related fires rise by 140 % during the Christmas and vacation season, with most fires affecting human mistake and most deceases and hurts ensuing from the failure to snuff out tapers before traveling to bed. It states that consumers do n't anticipate candle holders to tip over or to catch fire, presuming that they are safe, but that in fact candle holders can make this.
Public schools are capable to what the Anti-Defamation League footings the `` December Dilemma '' , viz. the undertaking of `` admiting the assorted spiritual and secular vacation traditions celebrated during that clip of twelvemonth '' whilst curtailing observations of the assorted spiritual festivals to what is constitutionally allowable. The ADL and many school territory governments have published guidelines for schools and for instructors. For illustration: The directive on keeping spiritual neutrality in public schools over the Christmas and vacation season, given to public school decision makers in the District of Columbia by the Superintendent, contains several points on what may and may non be taught in the D.C. school territory, the subjects of parties and concerts, the utilizations of spiritual symbols, the locations of school events and categories and supplication.
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